Weapons Licencing Verification System online now

WEAPONS Licensing Branch have launched a helpful new online tool which instantly provides a validity report on a Queensland firearms licence.

You can access the tool here

The online licence verification tool allows a user to enter a firearms licence number and expiry date, and will confirm if it is still valid or has been suspended.

While the new tool does not take the place of sighting a physical licence card, but should still prove useful for licensed gun dealers as well as regular shooters wanting to ensure a licensed friend is still properly authorised before lending them a firearm.

This is a step forward for Queensland and it is good to see WLB continuing to implement 21 st century technology in its firearms reporting systems.

Rifle Methods, Mindset & Magic

From the March 2001 issue of Shooting Sports USA, some of the best rifle shooters in the country reveal their recipe for success in competition.

The panel consisted of shooting legend Lones WiggerNancy Tompkins-Gallagher, Jean Foster and Jason Parker.

How do you prepare prior to a big match?

Jean Foster: I train hard until I leave for the match. I follow the course I’ve set out in my annual training plan, only making adjustments for specific items that come up in matches throughout the year. I also work with my sports psychologist.

Lones Wigger: When I was on the national team, we had an annual training plan with a major goal at the end of the last major match of the year. All of the other matches that year were intermediate goals. Two to three weeks before a major match, training would be three to four hours a day, five days a week. Preparation is the key to good performance.

Jason Parker: The night before a match, I eat a good performance-enhancing dinner. I get to the range about 45 minutes early. This gives me enough time to set up and then relax, but not enough time to let my mind wander.

Nancy Tompkins-Gallagher: I make sure everything is done before I walk up to the firing line. My sight settings are adjusted for elevation and my windage is set at zero. Ten minutes before I go to the line I have all of my equipment on—including sweatshirt, jacket, glasses, ear protection and sling, if appropriate. Five minutes before being called to the line, I relax and think about my upcoming performance.

How do you use the preparation period?

JF: I use the preparation period to finalize adjustments to my firing point set-up—like where my spotting scope is placed or how my prone mat is aligned with the target. Then I get into position and find my natural point-of-aim. The prep period is very relaxing for me.

LW: I do holding exercises, some stretching, getting the feel of the position, establishing my natural point-of-aim and going over everything in my mind.

JP: I use the whole preparation period to get my position comfortable. Then I dry fire to let my position settle and get my mindset right for the competition.

NTG: I find my position, set up my spotting scope and start to dry fire. This is the time for me to fix anything that needs to be fine-tuned. If it’s a rapid fire stage, I make sure my cadence and timing are precise. I also figure out what I need to use for wind and mirage.

How do you go about establishing your stance, position and natural point-of-aim?

JF: I have shot so much that getting into position and being close to proper point-of-aim is easy. To perfect my position, I close my eyes, do some deep breathing, then open my eyes to find where I’m pointed and make any needed adjustments. If it seems I’m unable to find a good position by scooting around, I get in and out of position as many times as necessary. The recoil recovery must also be perfect before I go to my first record shot.

LW: Through experience and feel, aligning with the target is easy to accomplish with years of training and experience.

JP: I get a very basic position and stance established, then pick up the rifle to get everything fine-tuned and feeling relaxed and comfortable.

NTG: I look for a flat area on my firing point to set up. It is very important to set up on as level an area as possible. I assume my position from memory, then check my natural point-of-aim by closing my eyes, wiggling around, then checking to see where I’m lined up. If I’m off to the left or right, I scoot in the direction I need to go. If my elevation is off, I adjust my hand stop and sling.

What is your normal pre-shot routine?

JF: My pre-shot routine is really easy. I visualize a deep-10 and then tell myself to “be ready!” I have defined “ready” as all of the things I need to remember to fire the shot.

LW: I try to do everything the same on each shot. I’m always checking the conditions.

JP: I load, pick up the rifle and let my position settle. Then I drop my head onto the cheekpiece and acquire the target.

NTG: I look at the conditions and at my previous shot and make any sight or wind corrections. Down in position, I load the rifle, check my target number and then center the bullseye in my sights.

How do you go about firing the shot?

JF: Once I tell myself “be ready,” the shot takes care of itself. I check the wind while I’m holding the rifle and breathing. If the wind is OK, I wait for my hold to settle and squeeze off the shot.

LW: I concentrate on the hold and my sight picture. I try not to disturb the gun when the shot breaks. The left supporting arm must be relaxed.

JP: I fire quickly, usually in about 6-8 seconds, never longer than 11 seconds. I take up the first stage on the trigger while I drop my head onto the cheekpiece to save a few seconds.

NTG: I usually take another breath and then release about ⅔ of the air in my lungs. This breathing pattern releases stress—both physical and mental. I center up the bull and fire a slow, but deliberate shot. It’s very important to maintain good trigger control and follow-through. You must never anticipate the shot going off, as this can cause bad habits such as jerking the trigger or pushing the rifle butt with your shoulder. A 10 o’clock shot is usually caused by shouldering, and a 4 or 5 o’clock shot is caused by jerking or an over-aggressive trigger pull.

What is your follow-through and shot evaluation technique?

JF: After the shot goes off, I count to three―as in “Bang … two … three.” During this time, I evaluate my recoil and call the shot. Calling my shot is not a conscious thing, I look through my scope and confirm where the shot is, but I never actually say, “That was a 10.3 at 2:30.” It is more of a feeling. After each shot, I double-check the wind as well.

LW: I always call the shot, evaluate the score and compare the position of the shot on the target with the shot call. I evaluate the wind condition to determine why the shot is where it is. Is it you, the wind condition or the equipment? I then change sights or hold over accordingly.

JP: I have a short follow-through and evaluate the shot very simply, as either good or bad. If there is a fault with that shot, I will make a small correction. If the problem persists, I’ll make a more drastic change.

NTG: As soon as the shot is fired, I maintain position until I’m sure the recoil is complete. Instantly, I call the shot so I can make sight adjustments as needed. If a shot is called a 9 at 3 o’clock, for example, and it comes up a center-X, it’s nice to receive the X, but you must still adjust to where the shot was called. It is also necessary to make any position or technique adjustments as needed. Errors in technique are just as important to note from shot to shot as calling your shots.

Do you have any other thoughts, comments or recommendations for your fellow shooters?

JF: I’m a “distracted shooter.” I am very aware of what is going on around me. I know who is on the range, who’s leaving, who’s done firing the course and whose target system just broke. I tried to focus on just shooting, but find that to be more distracting. My mental plan, when trying to focus, began to include sayings such as, “Don’t listen to that noise,” or “Don’t pay attention,” or “Focus on your shooting, it doesn’t matter.” To me, these thoughts became even more distracting. It’s easier for me to recognize what is going on around me and move along, rather than try to block them out. My advice is that not all shooters are the same and it takes a lot of time and work to figure out what works best for you.

LW: Having good equipment and ammunition are a given. The most important aspect of becoming a champion is a clearly defined training plan. That’s absolutely imperative to give you direction. The plan must realistically reflect the time available to you to carry it out. Second, your goal setting must be realistic and achievable, but also must require real effort and hard work. Third, you must have the commitment, wanting it more than anything else and be willing to make the sacrifices necessary to achieve your goals. Finally, you must have the determination and desire―the “fire in the belly”―to be competitive. It has to be your number one priority in life.

JP: I recommend getting the shot off quickly and letting the position settle before you fire the shot.

NTG: Target shooting is a fun and rewarding sport. Through shooting, you learn how to better concentrate, which can help you in all areas of life. You also learn how to improve both your physical and mental control. Responsibility is the other major factor that is learned. Probably my best recommendation is to train hard, learn from books and articles, and from other shooters. Be prepared, safe and responsible. The major secret to shooting well is to enjoy it and have fun. If you are prepared, relaxed and having fun, you will do better. My scores improved drastically when I quit worrying about my placement in the competition and concentrated on my performance. It is far more rewarding to perform well and not win a competition than to perform badly and win. Be a good example to others by being responsible, friendly, helpful, honest and self-controlled. Enjoy the wonderful people involved in our sport and the thrill of competing with others who enjoy doing what you do. Have fun!

So there you have it, from four fine rifle shooters. As you can see, they experience the same match pressures, worries and distractions the rest of us do every time they step up to the firing line. The major difference is how thoroughly they prepare themselves before their match and how they deal with those challenges during their match. There are no shortcuts to shooting success, but these four great athletes have helped show you the straightest path which every shooters must take to the winner’s podium.

Article written by Scott Engen 2/10/18 for NRA Shooting Sports USA. See the orginal article here: https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2018/10/2/rifle-methods-mindset-magic/

How Federal Syntech Action Pistol Is Redefining Ammo For Action Shooters

SSUSA first reported on Syntech Action Pistol 9mm Luger and .40 S&W rounds in-depth earlier this year, but when the opportunity arose to learn more about how this new ammo from Federal came to fruition, as well as a chance to test it out in the wild at a USPSA match, we excitedly went all in. Read on to see what we have learned, and also be on the lookout for a future article on Syntech Action Pistol and how it may raise the bar.

Author shooting Syntech Action Pistol 9mm 150-grain with a Glock 34. Blackhawk! belt, holster and mag carriers. Photo by J.J. Reich

What is Syntech?
“It’s not really a coating, as much as it’s a plating around an exclusive lead-core bullet.” That’s how Federal’s Handgun Ammunition Product Line Manager, Chris Laack described Federal Syntech ammo’s signature red polymer-plated bullet to me, as he rattled off the different nuances of the ammo. (Syntech is Federal’s proprietary Total Synthetic Jacket polymer bullet jacket, intended to reduce metal-on-metal contact, reduce fouling, and extend barrel life.) When I was presented with a machine-crushed TSJ bullet, I was amazed to see that there were zero chips, nicks or scratches in the slick red bullet. It looked like a piece of flawless, glossy red candy. TSJ is the real deal, there’s a reason Syntech won an NRA Golden Bullseye Ammunition award in 2017.

The latest Syntech cartridges were designed with Action Pistol in mind, specifically the task of knocking down steel with utmost efficiency and of course, meeting power factor rules. It’s no surprise Federal gave it the name Syntech Action Pistol, or that it’s the official ammunition of the USPSA (United States Practical Shooting Association). But, if you think USPSA just slapped their logo on boxes of cool-looking lipstick-red ammo―think again.

USPSA Match at Beaverbrook Tri-County Sportsmen’s Club near Cedar, MN. Syntech Action Pistol 9mm ammo performed flawlessly. My aiming, not so much. Photo by J.J. Reich

What makes this ammo different (besides the bright red bullet) is the fact that Mr. Laack and Federal engineers worked hand-in-hand with USPSA competitors to develop it. As such, this round is fine-tuned for the nuances of USPSA competition, designed to knock down steel efficiently, and with minimal recoil. It’s optimized for USPSA power factor requirements, and it comes in three flavors: 9mm Luger 150-grain bullet ($18.95, 50-round box), .40 S&W 205-grain ($24.95, 50-round box) and .45 Auto ($30.95, 50-round box). A quick look at the MidwayUSA website shows more realistic prices, with 9mm boxes of 50 selling for $13.99; and $17.99 and $21.99 for .40 S&W and .45 Auto 50-round boxes, respectively.

“Syntech Action Pistol is much more than just a logo on the box,” said J.J. Reich, Federal’s firearms and ammunition communications manager. “Federal engineers worked with USPSA to develop it as a high-performance handgun round that meets USPSA power factor requirements―and cycles reliably.”

Handguns magazine Editor-in-Chief J. Scott Rupp shooting a Glock 17 with Syntech Action Pistol ammo. Rupp is a former Army Marksmanship Unit shooter and NRA Publications alumnus. Photo by Jake Martens

As a matter of fact, the new ammo so closely conforms to USPSA power factor rules, that in the future, it may not even need to be tested during competition. Currently, all competitor ammo is chronographed at USPSA matches.

“We’re getting to the point where through testing, Federal Syntech Action Pistol Ammunition will meet power factor requirements for chronograph at USPSA matches,” said Laack.

Stop and think about that. We are entering an exciting new world, where governing bodies and manufacturers are working together to produce discipline-specific ammunition. Yes, please! After listening to both Federal Ammunition and USPSA staff enthusiastically tell the story of Syntech Action Pistol, specifically how it was developed, it became apparent to me that we’re witnessing something special that competitive shooters will only benefit from.

Getting a closer look at Syntech Action Pistol and the Total Synthetic Jacket . The polymer jacket keeps barrels much cleaner

Besides the TSJ plating, the heavy, flat-nosed bullet utilized for Syntech Action Pistol boasts reliable knockdown power for shooting steel poppers or plates. How? Heavier bullets at a given power factor will give lower recoil while maintaining momentum after firing, much more so than a lighter bullet.

“The combination of flatter noses and higher momentum give improved momentum transfer to steel targets,” said Federal Handgun Ammunition Design Engineer John Swenson.

After spending the majority of a day shooting the 150-grain 9mm Luger Syntech bullets, then later in the afternoon shooting a magazine full of cartridges loaded with the lighter 115-grain bullets―the advantages of the heavier bullets could not be overstated. Not only could you feel the difference, you could literally hear the difference (subsonic vs. supersonic).

The flat-nosed bullets also makes bigger holes on paper targets, which includes the two types used for USPSA competition.

Syntech Action Pistol 150-grain 9mm Luger bullet (l.) and loaded cartridge (not to scale)

Additionally, Syntech Action Pistol uses Federal’s Catalyst primer, a lead-free primer that promises “reliable, consistent ignition.” According to Laack, “Eventually, Catalyst primers will be available to consumers as a stand-alone product.”

Josh Froelich is an avid USPSA shooter and 3-Gunner who instructed me in proper USPSA shooting techniques. He was the overall winner of the 2018 IPSC Shotgun World Shoot in France. Froelich said, “Having factory-loaded ammo that meets power factor, and is also soft-shooting is great for the action shooting sports in general.”

Josh Froelich (r.) readies the timer as Federal Ammunition Communications Coordinator Jared Hinton prepares to shoot a USPSA stage during a match at the Beaverbrook Tri-County Sportsmen’s Club. Photo by Jake Martens

Casey Reed is a Federal product development engineer who shoots IPSC and USPSA matches in his spare time. Notably, he had a strong showing in France last year at the IPSC Handgun World Shoot, finishing 20th overall among a talented field of international action shooters. He echoed what Froelich said about the ammo, saying, “I’ll be relying on Syntech Action Pistol for all my future competitions.”

After shooting approximately 500 rounds of the 150-grain 9mm round myself, along with five others, without incident, it’s safe to say Federal’s claims about Syntech Action Pistol are correct. So to sum up, now we have ammo that is optimized to meet power factor in USPSA and IPSC competition, reduces recoil, eliminates lead fouling AND extends barrel life. The future is here, ladies and gentlemen. Now, with reliable factory-loaded ammunition that is designed for their sport, action shooters can spend more time practicing and less time at the loading bench.

The competitive shooting sector is growing
The number of shooters participating in matches is increasing rapidly, especially on the action side of things. Federal has noticed the uptick, and they’re just getting started with the possibilities of Syntech.

“We are seeing tremendous growth in competitive shooting,” said Laack. “There’s definitely more to come, product-wise.”

As we get closer to SHOT Show 2019, you can count on SSUSA to bring you the latest info, so please check back often for the latest updates.

Article written by John Parker, Tuesday 14th August 2018 for SSUSA.org. See the original article here: https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2018/8/14/how-federal-syntech-action-pistol-is-redefining-ammo-for-action-shooters

Our Guide To Finding Your Best Pistol Grip & Stance

Success in any handgun discipline requires a solid shooting platform, but in action pistol competition it becomes critical. Hitting multiple targets rapidly and accurately, combined with wide target arrays and varying target distances, places a premium on a solid grip and stance.

Unfortunately, there is no one “Carved in Stone” right way to achieve that. The grip and stance that may work well for a burly 200-pound male may not be equally effective for a petite 100-pound female. Yet, they are both working towards the same objective.

Shooters need to find what works best for them. To such ends, there are a number of options to consider.

There are a several ways to assume a two-handed freestyle firing grip, but only two have proven successful in action pistol competition—the Thumbs Forward, and the Thumb Over. Both have advantages, and drawbacks.

Thumbs together and touching

The Thumbs Forward grip has the gun hand thumb and the support hand thumb pointing forward. But there is no one “correct” Thumbs Forward grip. Some successful shooters place the thumbs side-by-side in gentle contact with each other. Some lay the gun thumb over the top of the support thumb. Others ease the gun thumb over and slightly outside of the support thumb.

The advantage to any of the Thumbs Forward grips is that with both thumbs pointing at the target, the muzzle naturally follows. The relaxed shooting hand thumb also results in less inter-muscular tension in the shooting hand. Many feel that promotes a smoother, more consistent, trigger press.

Thumbs forward with gun hand thumb over and slightly outside support thumb

The drawback to having both thumbs pointing forward is there is little to lock the shooting hand and support hand together. In addition, the thumbs provide very little steadying pressure on the support side of the gun. If a shooter has too much finger through the trigger guard, or just gets overly aggressive on the trigger, shots can go to the support side (left for a right-hand shooter, or right for a southpaw). This is especially true for smaller-handed individuals shooting a wide-body double stack semi-auto. They often see the gun twist in their hands. The various Thumbs Forward grips work best for those with medium-to-large hands, and a very firm support hand grip.

Thumb over (captured thumb grip)

The Thumb Over grip (sometimes called the Captured Thumb) has the gun hand thumb inside the support hand thumb, which then reaches over and contacts the gun thumb at the fingernail, bending the joint down and locking both hands together. This is often a better choice for those with smaller hands, especially with wide-body semi-autos. It’s also more forgiving of long trigger pulls, and many upper-level revolver shooters favor it.

The drawback is that it places a bit more tension on the muscles of the shooting hand and requires more shooting hand effort to direct the gun to the target, and keep it there through the trigger press.

Over the top of support thumb

Which grip is best for the shooter is something that the shooter needs to determine. The same applies to foot position and stance.

I recently read an article by an instructor that said foot position plays no role in recoil control. His contention was that it all comes from the grip and arms, so one could forget foot position. I have to respectfully disagree.

There’s a simple way to determine whether or not foot position matters. Face a target at 10 yards. Place both feet firmly together with the toes pointing at the target. From a Low Ready, fire a six-round Bill Drill.

Shooting a Bill Drill from this stance will convince most shooters that foot position truly does matter in recoil control

Most shooters will be very disappointed with the resulting group.

Handgun recoil doesn’t end with the hands and arms. It goes into the shoulders, down through the hips, and ultimately to the legs and feet. Having the lower body in a solid stance is an integral part of recoil control, and aids in getting the gun back on target quickly and accurately. If the feet are bouncing around it’s hard to get the sights centered on the target.

The popular Isosceles Stance has the shooter facing the target squarely, the feet spread slightly more than shoulder width apart, both arms fully extended, and the shoulders leaning a bit forward. It’s a natural and instinctive stance that provides excellent lateral transition ability.

The Isosceles Stance is quick, instinctive, and works well for many shooters, especially with Minor caliber handguns

A major weakness is the squared foot position with no rear brace. My shooting buddy, well-known instructor Massad Ayoob, demonstrates this at his MAG classes. He picks a large male student, hands them an inert plastic pistol and puts them into the Isosceles Stance. He then stands in front and raps his palm sharply against the muzzle to simulate recoil. Even the biggest guys will drop a foot back to brace themselves after a succession of raps.

The Power Isosceles Stance accomplishes the same thing by moving the gun-hand foot back about 10 or 12 inches. The arms are still fully-extended, the shoulders slightly forward, and the transition ability remains. But, like the Weaver and Chapman stances (which are seldom used in competition) it provides a rear “brace” to resist recoil. With that “brace” I’ve seen even 100-pound females survive Ayoob’s demonstration.

Dropping the gun hand foot back about 12 inches adds a rear brace to the Isosceles Stance, which many shooters find provides greater recoil control

There’s more than one grip and stance that can result in success. A simple way to determine what works best for a shooter is to remember—the targets and timer don’t lie.

The Bill Drill is an excellent way to check draw stroke, grip, stance and recoil control. Or to just check grip, stance and recoil control, shoot it from the Low Ready start. The Transition Drill is also useful. It can tell one if their stance allows the needed lateral movement. The Double Tap Drill is also beneficial. Combined, they can provide a thorough look at what each grip and stance offers.

“Instructors” may insist that, “This is the only way to do it,” but, the timer and targets don’t lie.

Every shooter is an individual and will have to find what works best for them. The timer and targets will tell them that—despite what “Instructors” may insist on.

Have you ever wondered how often you should clean your rimfire rifle?

There are differing opinions about rimfire rifles, though most experts agree on how
often you should clean a centrefire. Match winning rimfire scores are produced by
individual shooters whose cleaning practices vary widely.

We recently came across an article about cleaning a rimfire rifle and how it can affect
accuracy. The article appeared in the NRA publication, American Rifleman, in June
1965 and was written by LF Moore. (We’ve republished it in full here). Although old, the article still has relevance
today. We gratefully acknowledge the author and the publication for this information.

According to the article, back in the 1930s, several brands of rimfire match
ammunition were loaded with a propellant which left a salt residue in the bore. That
propellant has long been abandoned and these days, rimfire ammunition propellants
thankfully don’t leave a rust-producing residue.

Extensive testing was carried out in the 1960s, when this article was written, on three
new rifles and one older one. All testing was done under conditions as nearly
uniform as possible on all four rifles tested. The older rifle had a history of about
50,000 rounds. A machine rest was used on a 100 yard enclosed range. A 20-
power scope was mounted on the rifle being tested.

At ambient temperature, five 10-round groups were fired without sighting or fouling
shots in each of the three new rifles. Immediately after firing the five 10-shot groups,
each of the barrels was cleaned while still in the rest. Cleaning was done with a
bronze brush, followed by a solvent cloth patch and then two dry patches. Another
five 10-shot groups were then fired, again without foulers. The tests on these new
rifles were done daily on four days in total. The 50,000 round used rifle also fired
five 10-shots groups on each day, but it was not cleaned at all during the test.
Then came the high temperature tests, which were a repeat of the previous ambient
temperature tests. The barrels were heated by six 250-watt infrared industrial
reflector lamps positioned about 12″ from the barrels for an hour before each test.

The temperature was sufficiently high to affect the definition of the scope, apparently
by condensation of moisture on the lenses. The temperature, on measurement,
varied between 135°F and 180°F at different points on the barrel and at different
times during the firing.

After finishing the high-temperature test, the lamps were turned off and the rifles
were permitted to cool. Each rifle then fired five 10-shot groups. The group sizes
obtained after the rifles cooled were the same as that obtained in the ambient-
temperature test.

The first shot fired from a rifle which had not been fired for some time was generally
out of the normal group and on several occasions the second shot was also out of
the group. Excluding the first group, there was no significant difference in the size of
the groups before and after cleaning, although there was a day-to-day variation, not
connected with cleaning.

There was definite fouling in the barrels, but there was no effect of that fouling seen
during these tests. The article said that fouling is normally too small to be seen
without magnification, but it builds up gradually and can be difficult to remove though
a bronze brush usually does the trick. There would of course, be some barrels with
characteristics that would cause fairly heavy fouling (eg a rough barrel), but that
would be uncommon on match rifles.

The article recommends a visual inspection of the barrel periodically after pushing
through a patch to remove the loose residue that results from firing a round.

Author of the article, LF Moore recommends only cleaning a rimfire rifle infrequently,
except when the rifle has been exposed to adverse weather. My own rimfire match
rifles using good quality target velocity ammunition, are cleaned when they go “off”
which is to say when I get shots that are inconsistent. That’s probably no more often
than every 1000 rounds. A good rifle will not be adversely affected by a good clean
now and then but regular cleaning doesn’t appear to be necessary.

How Bore Cleaning Affects Accuracy

From the June 1965 issue of American Rifleman, an article about cleaning the bore of a smallbore rifle and how it can affect accuracy. By L.F. Moore.

Cleaning the bore
The frequency of cleaning the bore of the smallbore rifle varies widely among shooters, and match-winning scores are produced by individuals whose cleaning practices differ greatly.

Until 1937 several brands of smallbore match ammunition were loaded with a Lesmok propellant. This propellant, abandoned in 1947, was a mixture of black powder and guncotton which left a rust-producing salt residue in the bore on firing. Also, under some conditions it left fouling. It was necessary to clean the bore at least after each day of firing to avoid rustling or fouling. It is understandable that shooters developed the habit of frequent cleaning.

Recently, an extensive test was carried out to determine whether, under normal conditions, cleaning the bore of the smallbore match rifle is necessary. Four rifles were used to fire a total of 3800 rounds. Two M40X Remington rifles in new condition were selected to represent average match rifles, and one M37 Remington with an Eric Johnson barrel and a custom stock was selected to represent a rifle with a rough bore. Over 50,000 rounds had been fired in the Johnson barrel; the bore was very rough at 6 o’clock for about 2″ at the breech end, and there was some roughness at 6 o’clock throughout the rest of the bore. An additional rifle, an M52C Winchester in new condition, was used as a control. All firing was conducted under conditions as nearly uniform as possible except for bore condition and barrel temperature. The firing was done from a machine rest on a 100-yard enclosed range. A 20x telescope sight was mounted on the rifle.

A preliminary test was conducted for the purpose of selecting a lot of ammunition for each rifle which would give representative smallbore rifle accuracy. One lot of ammunition was fired in the M37, seven lots were fired in each M40X, and four lots in the M52C.

Testing at 2 temperatures
Two tests were then carried out, one at ambient and one at high temperature. In each test, five 10-round groups were fired without sighting or fouling shots in each of the two M40X and the M37 rifles. One target was set up directly before a second and, since the machine rest was not moved during the firing of a particular rifle, it was possible to obtain five 10-shot and one 50-shot groups by changing the front target after each 10 rounds.

Immediately after firing the five 10-shot groups, the rifle bore was cleaned without removing the rifle from the rest. The cleaning rod was a Parker-Hale. First a bronze brush was passed through the bore six times (three cycles). The brush was removed and a tip was assembled to accommodate a cotton cleaning patch. One patch saturated with Hoppe’s No. 9 bore cleaner was passed through the bore twice (one cycle). Two dry patches were then passed through the bore twice each (one cycle each). Five additional 10-shot groups were then fired without fouling shots. This procedure was repeated on three additional days. The M52C rifle fired five 10-shot groups on each day and it was not cleaned during this test.

The first shot fired from a rifle which had not been fired for some time was generally out of the normal group and on several occasions the second shot was also out of the group.

Excluding the first group, there was no significant difference in the size of the groups before and after cleaning. There was a day-to-day variation, not connected with cleaning, in groups fired with the M37 and the M52C rifles.

The above procedure for the ambient-temperature test was then repeated with the rifle barrel heated by six 250-watt infrared industrial reflector lamps positioned about 12″ from the barrel. The rifle was exposed to the heat for one hour prior to firing. The temperature, determined with a pyrometer, varied between 135°F and 180°F at different points on the barrel and at different times during the firing.

The temperature was sufficiently high to affect the definition of the telescope sight, apparently by condensation of moisture on the lenses. As in the previous test the difference in the group size before and after cleaning was not significant. In general, heating the barrel had an adverse effect on accuracy.

After completing the high-temperature test, the lamps were turned off and the rifles were permitted to cool. Each rifle then fired five 10-shot groups. The accuracy obtained after the rifles cooled was the same as that obtained in the ambient-temperature test.

Some fouling in bore
While no effect of fouling on accuracy was observed in these tests, some fouling is deposited in the bore of the smallbore rifle. The quantity is normally too small to be observed without an instrument giving magnification. Light fouling throughout the bore and frequently a comparatively heavy deposit at the bullet seat can be observed with a borescope after the rifle has fired considerable rounds. Fouling builds up gradually and in minute quantities during firing, and is difficult to remove even with a bronze brush.

It is possible for a bore to have unusual characteristics which would cause comparatively heavy fouling, but this would be uncommon on a match rifle. I have seen heavy fouling from firing modern rimfire ammunition in only two bores. One of these, in a match pistol barrel, had a rough finish. The other, that of a match rifle barrel which had been disassembled form the rifle, had a visible accumulation of fouling at one point. The reason for this deposit was not determined. The heavy deposit of fouling in both bores was removed with a few passes of a bronze brush.

It may be desirable to inspect the bore of match rifles periodically with respect to number of rounds fired. This can be done after pushing a patch through the bore to remove the loose residue which results from firing a round.

Except when the rifle has been exposed to adverse weather, it appears advantageous to clean the bore of the .22 rimfire rifle only infrequently.

‘Alpha Addy’ is the next shooting sensation and ‘NRA darling’ as YouTube, Instagram and Facebook profiles grow

“AS LONG as you’re out of the stroller and can show that you can handle firearms safely then there really is no age limit for them.”

Addysson “Addy” Soltau is nine years old. She is pictured in a lot of bright colours, notably pink and purple, her long, blonde hair usually in pigtails or a plait underneath her bright pink cap.

She’s a cheerleader, practices karate and horseback riding. She wears jewellery, including charm bracelets and earrings.

But there’s one thing about Addy that sets her apart from the rest of most young girls; she shoots guns. And those earrings? Fashioned from bullet casings.

In the three years since she first stumbled upon a video of 17-year-old female competitive shooter Katelyn Francis, who currently has more than 200,000 fans on Facebok, “Alpha Addy”, as she is known online, has become a “YouTube superstar”, of her own.

Hailed as a trailblazer for girls and young women in a time where gun control and gun culture is a sensitive issue in the United States, families flocked to see familiar faces like Addy at the annual NRA convention’s NRA Youth Day in Dallas last month.

This is a video It's FN FRIDAY with @fn_america The FN booth was super popular and it took me all weekend to get a picture with the SCAR. Fun fact the SCAR 16s was my first ever time using a semi auto rifle and something that was not a 22. We rented it from @lonestar_handgun as a reward for surviving my first karate summer camp. I was away from home for over a week. This was before I was a few months before I was alpha and before I was shooting competitively. I was just 7 yrs old. The SCAR is my absolute most favorite rifle ever. Both shots were hits on a steel target at 100yrds. #chicksdigscars @jm4_tactical @sureshotsmag @seal1_ @snakeeatertactical @rangeallies @lonestar_handgun @onyour6designs @rykerusa @thortargets @liberty_safe @triggersafe_team @tandemkross @aguilaammo @smithwessoncorp @rugersofficial @leapers_utg  @trooper_clothing @f1firearms #likeagirl

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Addy started shooting when she was six and last year, joined the Austin Sure Shots women’s gun club youth team. There are only a dozen spots for girls aged 5-12 and there’s a waiting list, too, according to founder Niki Jones.

“There are minimum age requirements to shoot at some of the ranges in our city. Her home range that she goes to now that she was going to since she was six, their rule is as long as you’re out of the stroller and can show that you can handle firearms safely then there really is no age limit for them.

“I think there are a lot of people shocked by how young she is, I guess there is really an initial shock seeing her do what she does at her age with a live firearm.”

Addy has been slowly growing her fan base since she shot her way onto the scene in 2006; A video of her reloading a hand gun has more than eight million views on Facebook alone. Add 14,000 Facebook followers, nearly 6000 Instagram followersand hundreds of subscribers on her YouTube channel.

“I thought it was cool and I just wanted to try it out, I liked how active it was,” Addy tells news.com.au from her home in Texas.

“I get to meet new people and make new friends, I get to hang out with the other junior shooters, it’s just a fun, out there activity I like doing.”

But it was her “youth celebrity” appearance at the National Rifle Association convention on May 6 this year that introduced Addy to the world and transformed her into an “NRA darling”.

US President Donald Trump attended the same convention in which he pledged gun owners “will never, ever be under siege as long as I am your president”.

The youth movement is a burgeoning market for the gun movement in the United States.

Even Donald Trump Jr. was pictured holding a “POTUS .45 rile” at the Keystone Sporting Arms booth in front of a banner reading: Never too young to understand freedom”.

Staff told the Los Angeles Times that they sell “as many pink and turquoise guns as the traditional colours”.

“It really depends on the parents, I’ve seen three-year-olds on YouTube shooting rifles, rifles that don’t fit,” Addy’s godfather and shooting coach, Johnny Campos, tolds news.com.au.

“I didn’t want to put her into something that doesn’t fit because then it’s just reinforcing bad shooting habits that you’re just going to have to reteach later.”

Addy’s current rifle, according to her Facebook profile, is a Davey Crickett .22l but she told news.com.au she “has a few” firearms in her collection, including an M & P 15-22 rifle.

“I like all of them,” she answers when asked which is her favourite gun.

Initially, Addy’s mum was “apprehensive” about her shooting because “you never see anything good about guns in the media normally,” Mr Campos told news.com.au.

“But after seeing how strict the safety rules are everybody started feeling better about it. Of all the sports she does, competitive shooting is the safest, she’s never been hurt in competitive shooting, but she’s been thrown off a horse horseback riding.

“There are just so many rules that you have to go by before you even pull the trigger so while she’s shooting on the course of fire, she has people following her and making sure that everything she does is safe.

“I think a lot of the stuff that I’ve heard out there is that parents are unsure whether their kid is ready to do that kind of stuff, if they’re ready to be introduced to firearms. That’s really based off of individual maturity of the kid.”

Working on some new skills. If I do this the normal way where the magazine is pointing behind me I end up slamming the pistol grip into my shoulder hard and the rifle just gets bounced back to my front. I am also a lot faster on my draw but I'm being told to go SUPER slow. It's really annoying bit with new skills I need to learn the actual skill and what my gear does between each step. Going slow also lets you see where you are moving more than you need too. Wasted movement means wasted time. @jm4_tactical @sureshotsmag @snakeeatertactical @seal1_ @rangeallies @lonestar_handgun @onyour6designs @thortargets @rykerusa @liberty_safe @leapers_utg @tandemkross @smithwessoncorp @rugersofficial @triggersafe_team @magpul

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Addy takes part in what is known professionally as “practical” shooting; where competitors manoeuvre through courses and move around obstacles to shoot the various targets.

Addy receives a course layout and course description a few days before the actual match, usually it’s about five stages. Each stage she’ll fire 20-25 shots at various targets.

According to Mr Campos, it highlights “safe and responsible firearm usage and ownership” and “is really no different to a bowling club or club sports”.

“There’s a lot of moving from one firing position to another, engaging different coloured targets, shooting from around barricades, around obstacles, shooting one handed.

“She’s doing really good, she’s getting better every single match.”

Mr Campos is no stranger to firearms; he was a competitive indoor Olympic shooter in high school and with his time serving in the Marine Corps, he is well versed.

He is now teaching Addy’s younger sister, Trystan, to shoot. The six-year-old got a jump on her big sister, she started shooting when she four-and-a-half. Trystan shoots with a .22 long rifle because her hands are physically too small to handle a handgun like Addy.

“If it was up to her she would have been shooting a lot sooner than that,” Mr Campos said.

The statistics on young female shooters in the United States are barely there; an NRA spokesman told the Los Angeles Times that the organisation “doesn’t track the number”.

The National Shooting Sports Foundation did note to the publication that there had been a 77 per cent increase in female gun ownership since 2005 and credited 5.4 million women for participating in target shooting.

Meanwhile, Mother Jones, which tracks mass shootings in the US from 1982-2018, found only two instances where female shooters were the perpetrator.

The mass shooting in San Bernardino on December 2nd 2016 was the only instance in which both a male and female were the shooters.

Earlier this month President Trump privately met with the families of some of the 10 people killed in the May 18 Santa Fe school shooting in Texas, Addy’s home state.

Eight students and two substitute teachers were shot dead and sparked even more calls to change gun laws, echoing the student-led gun control movement that demanded action after the deadly mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida on Valentine’s Day this year.

– Find out more about Alpha Addy by visiting her YouTube channel, Alpha Gun Girls or Facebook page.

Article first appeared on www.news.com.au/lifestyle/parenting on 4 June 2018 at 7:32am. Written by Matt Young


“I think there are a lot of people shocked by how young she is, I guess there is really an initial shock seeing her do what she does at her age with a live firearm.”

Here’s How to Attract More Women Shooters

Recently we sent out a newsletter asking “where are our women shooters”. We have spent some time questioning ladies we know who love shooting and their answers follow a pattern which is perfectly summarised in the following email from Sally Jones.

Do your club’s standing orders include a caution on unacceptable language and behaviour? Perhaps it’s about time some clubs had a good hard look at themselves. The demeanour of some clubs even puts off some blokes and can be the deciding factor on which club men, as well as women, join.

Do your range officers shout and yell unnecessarily, are your range briefings calm and instructive, or a raving rant. Range officers are there to help shooters, they are not organising a firing squad. We all need to have a good look at ourselves and ensure our clubs are welcoming, inclusive and encouraging. It will pay off. After all, women are half of the population.

Here’s Sally’s email

In reference to your recent email article “Where Are Our Women Shooters??” I would like to offer the following response…..

I am the holder of Firearms Licences in Categories A, B, C & H and the immediate past Shoot Captain and Vice Shoot Captain of Sporting Clays and Metallic Silhouette 100m (Pistol) events, respectively.  In addition I am a volunteer firearms instructor for Cadets (including many female Cadets), am actively involved in the promotion of the shooting sports and am a Life Member of the NRA.  I believe that I am well qualified to offer the observations/comments below:-

The issues facing women shooters today remind me very much of similar issues facing women gym-goers and potential gym-goers in the late 1980’s.  Many women then were reluctant to work out in gyms because they were “blokesy”, sweaty, smelly places filled with crude macho-type males who spent far too much time “perving” at any females plucky enough to enter their domain.  These gyms offered little in the way of facilities for female customers.  Then along came Fernwood Gyms for women only!

Fernwood offered attractive premises, quality facilities (including Coffee Club standard coffee shops), professional/attentive/knowledgeable staff and a positive, mentoring approach to women’s health and fitness.  The rest, as they say, is history with the Fernwood Franchise now regularly achieving annual turnovers in excess of $100million!

The parallels between the Australian gym scene in the 1980’s and the typical shooting ranges of the present day are staggering! Time and again I have had fellow female shooters remark to me things like….

  • “All you can get to drink here is beer or soft drinks; they don’t offer a nice glass of wine”
  • “Wouldn’t it be nice if you could run a Female Only shoot”
  • “I don’t feel comfortable coming along to shoot without my husband/partner”
  • “There aren’t enough female range officers and officials”
  • “Coming here is like going to a TRUCK STOP”
  • “The men’s constant swearing is just so unpleasant. I wouldn’t bring my kids along here”
  • “I can’t stand the men’s foul-mouthed, locker-room banter and innuendos”
  • “This is definitely NOT a family-friendly environment”

Now I don’t for one moment suggest that we should have female-only ranges or even female-only shoots, I don’t actually believe in that kind of “discrimination”.  BUT, we the shooting fraternity in Australia (especially the shooting ranges) definitely need to up our act and provide female (and children) friendly environments where women, girls and young people can enjoy the fantastic sport of recreational shooting.

Australia’s shooting scene is long overdue for its Fernwood moment!


Sally Jones

Kobble Creek



Sally also sent an electronic copy of an NRA article titled Girls and Guns. We will give you the gist in another newsletter.

Goodbye to Brass

Let’s skip the appetizer and get right to the meat and potatoes of a manufacturer’s claims for a new cartridge case technology to replace the 150-year reign of brass. Here’s what Shell Shock Technologies (SST) says about their two-piece, nickel-aluminum-stainless steel 9mm Luger NAS3 cases:

  • Stronger, cheaper and half the weight of brass.
  • Greater corrosion resistance.
  • More internal volume.
  • More consistent ignition.
  • +P velocities without +P pressures.
  • Cases won’t stretch, no trimming required.
  • Withstands 40 or more reloadings.
  • Picks up with a magnet.
  • Can be anodized different colors for instant ID.


The NAS3 requires unique flaring and sizing dies (left to right) that use a synthetic rod “spring” to push cases, rather than pull them, from the dies.

Taking the last two claims first, OK, it would be pretty handy to effortlessly pick up our brass with a magnet after shooting a match stage. Coloring our cases means we can instantly separate our brass from that of other competitors. Plus there’s that unquantifiable “cool factor” of nonchalantly bringing something interesting, useful and attention-getting to a match. Many pistol competitors are also handloaders, so the other claims—did I mention “40 reloadings” and “no trimming?”—are of eyebrow raising interest to us.

Convenience and coolness aside, SST NAS3 may be the most significant advance in cartridge case technology since brass replaced the paper cartridge around 1870. Yes, steel, aluminum and polymer are options for cartridge cases, but all are “throwaway” technologies. Aluminum is too soft to safely reload; the Berdan primers are there to discourage reloading. Polymer cases get the same Berdan treatment for the same safety reason. Steel cases are also universally Berdan primed and comparatively difficult to work through dies, even if you are set up for reloading with Berdan primers.

Which of SST’s claims for their new 9mm cases can we check for ourselves? And which are really important to the handloader? Let’s take ‘em by the numbers.


Manufacturer tested at more than 65,000 psi—that’s almost 7.62 NATO proof load pressure—the NAS3 cases are incredibly strong. SAAMI standard for 9mm is 35,000 psi; 9mm +P is 38,500 psi. While we’re talking about this, let’s point out that though the NAS3 case is plenty strong, handguns are not built to take rifle cartridge pressures. The NAS3 case strength is no license for handloading foolishness.

NAS3 case heads can be color anodized.

The NAS3 case is a nickel-stainless steel alloy cylinder crimped to a nickel plated aluminum case head. Stainless steel does indeed have a higher tensile strength than brass and so the case material doesn’t “flow” forward on firing and eventually need trimming, like a brass case, and it can withstand much higher chamber pressures than brass. For the handloader, however, we must redefine “stronger.” The crimped joint between the NAS3 two-piece case head and body is a weak point for handloading. Though I just called the case body a “cylinder,” perhaps “funnel” would be a more descriptive word. The base of the stainless steel cylinder has a hollow tube extension that forms the primer’s flash hole channel; the end protruding into the case head is flared and crimped to bond the two pieces together.

Upon firing any cartridge, the chamber walls and the breech face support the case; gas forces expand in all directions but of course are directed by design to drive the bullet forward. There is no force of consequence that pulls the cartridge case forward on firing, so the NAS3case/head crimp has no firing stresses applied that would tend to pull that joint apart.

However, standard dies utilize the shellholder to pull the case out of the resizing and expanding dies; the NAS3 case requires use of special SST sizing and flaring dies that don’t stress the crimp with that pulling action. The dies accomplish this by pushing the case from the dies with a compressible synthetic rod that acts like a spring.

During testing I found that pulling bullets will also overstress that head-to-case-body crimp because inertia and press-mounted bullet pullers apply force in that forward direction, essentially pulling the head and case body in opposite directions. Pulling bullets leaves a visible gap between the case body and head, indicating the crimp is loosened and necessitating discarding cases to avoid possible case head separation upon firing or extraction.

I brought this matter up with SST spokesman Andrew Vallance. “In the near future Shell Shock will be releasing a simple attachment accessory to eliminate this issue and enable the use of NAS3 cases with inertia pullers,” he said.

Life is full of trade-offs, so while we’re on the die subject I’ll mention another caveat to accompany the special dies: even though the SST resizing die has a carbide insert, the NAS3stainless steel 9mm cases still require lubrication (though brass cases do not).


MSRP for SST NAS3 cases is $60 for the first 500, 12¢ each, with price reductions for larger quantities. An online check shows new 9mm brass cases run from 14¢ to 17¢. Price advantage: NAS3.


Yep. An average of 10 NAS3 cases weighed in at 29.7-grains each, compared to a mixed batch of 10 brass cases at 58.8-grains—almost exactly half the weight of brass.

Resist corrosion

The stainless steel portion of the SST case is corrosion-resistant.

My informal method comparing corrosion resistance to that of brass was to leave a couple cases in a saltwater solution for two weeks, expose them to the outside air for another two weeks, then compare them to similarly treated brass. The NAS3 nickel-stainless steel case body survived just fine, but its nickel plated aluminum case head corroded as much or more so than brass. A claim refutation, it appears, but let’s have a reality check: the test result satisfies curiosity but means nothing in the real world unless you store your cases in a saltwater solution.

More volume

SST claims two percent more case volume over brass due to the squared bottoms at the case head versus brass having rounded inside corners. The common method of measuring volume is to weigh an empty case, then fill it with water and weigh it again. Scales only promise a +/- .1-grain accuracy, so checking 9mm case volume would be inconclusive unless you measured about 100 NAS3 cases and then 100 brass cases from each of several manufacturers (after trimming all to the same length)—say, 400 cases total—and compared the results. Feel free, I’ve got a life to attend to. I’ll concede this one to the manufacturer.

Consistent ignition

An extension from the steel case body crimps into the nickel alloy case head to also form the primer flash hole.

This derives from beveling the flash hole from inside the case, a well-recognized accurizing trick used in precision shooting like NRA Long-Range and High Power competition. SST also enlarges the flash hole, not for shot-to-shot consistency, but helpful for reliable ignition when reloading with lead-free primers for indoor shooting. The enlarged flash hole is possibly desirable from a manufacturing standpoint, an aid perhaps in crimping the body-to-case-head joint.

We can infer consistent ignition from chronograph extreme spread/standard deviation (though other factors are also at work), but independent testing by munitions specialist H.P. White Laboratory has already done this work for us, finding fantastically low standard deviations of 0.093 fps and extreme spreads of only 3 fps with 124-grain FMJ bullets and 4.2-grain of Titegroup.

+P velocity without +P pressure

Without access to a pressure measuring facility, we can’t verify this with absolute confidence. However, we might make an inference that would also infer some veracity for the two percent volume claim above. We can load NAS3 and brass cases identically and fire them; Boyles Law says that the NAS3’s greater volume will result in lower pressure compared to brass cases, which should result in lower velocity, and velocity we can measure with a chronograph.

No trimming, 40 reloads

Pulling bullets overstresses the crimp, making cases unreloadable.

The last two claims regarding case stretching and 40 reloads are simple to check; though tedious and time consuming, they’re worth the effort. For the sake of alacrity in presenting you the SST case here and now, allow me some time (and pleasant weather) to attend the range with calipers and loading press to see whether we can get those 40 reloadings from a single case. Stay tuned for a report with reloading and chronograph results in the not-too-distant future. For now, let’s summarize the pros and cons of SST’s cases for the handloader.


  • No case stretching—hence no trimming is necessary.
  • Flash hole beveling—an aid to uniform powder ignition and hence accuracy—is factory applied.
  • Flash hole is enlarged for “lead-free” primers. While not widely available to handloaders yet (only Fiocchi Zero Pollution small pistol primers come to mind), we can expect more in the future.
  • Lower initial cost than brass, plus reloading each case five or 10 times more than brass cases is a significant saving.
  • Color coding bases for instant load ID.
  • Handloaders can get +P velocities without +P pressures. L-Tech Enterprises loads its 124-grain Full-Stop bullet in the SST case at nearly 1,200 fps and reports pressure below 38,500 psi.
  • Half the weight lightens our range bags, and we can sweep up fired cases with a magnet. Plus there’s the simple “cool factor” of unique-looking ammo, especially with color anodized case heads.


  • Resizing cases requires lubrication. Adding this step back into the handloading process negates one of the joys of clean, rapid reloading on the progressive press with carbide dies.
  • Pulling bullets necessitates throwing away the weakened cases.
  • Proprietary dies are required. Though any bullet seating die will work, the unique sizing and flaring dies are available only from SST, MSRP $99.99 for the pair.
  • New technology. As with anything new, there will be some wrinkles to iron out, sure to be discovered by a base of handloaders and shooters actually employing the technology over time.

So, let’s load up and find whatever wrinkles might need ironing …

The 9mm Luger is SST’s debut case—and more calibers, including bottleneck rifle cases, are in the works. You can learn more about SST at www.shellshocktech.com.

Article Reporduced with permission from John Parker, Managing Editor Shooting Sports USA
Article and photos by Art Merrill – Monday, February 13, 2017 for the Shooting Sports USA website. Read the full article here: https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2017/2/13/goodbye-brass/

Whats in your Range Bag, Cherie Blake?

The law in Australia states you have to be 12-years-old before you can obtain a junior firearms permit. So, as soon as Cherie Blake turned of age, she was shooting rabbits with a .22LR at the farm she grew up on. Blake’s father and sister were both already involved in handgun competitions, so it was only natural that Cherie join them. She says she began competing to beat her sister, who is five years older. “Even if I was only practicing at our local range, in my head I was competing against my sister.”

For those interested in getting into the shooting sports, Blake suggests heading right to your local shooting club.

Recently, Blake has turned to shooting action matches, having represented Australia six times at the Bianchi Cup and World Action Pistol Championships (WAPC). She won eight Australian National Championships. 2016 was a year of seconds—she finished second in the Ladies Division at the Bianchi Cup and the WAPC, and additionally second place overall at the SSAA Australian Action National Championships.

She competes with a STI 2011 that has been customized by Australian gunsmith Ray Pulver. It has a compensator, shroud with wings, mover mount and an ML3 Aimpoint red dot. This handgun shoots under an inch at 50 yards. For ammo, she uses Hornady HAP 115-grain projectiles.

Blake uses an Eagle Industry Range bag that has a handy insert that she can take out and use as a small bag on the line at matches. In it she carries mags, spare ammo and one Allen key. Thanks to this bag insert she doesn’t have to carry spare mags on her belt, which allows her to get into the prone position quickly.

For Blake, it’s important to train the same as how she competes. She always carries Areoguard (insect repellent), the rule book, sports tape (for her gun) and wet wipes to keep the lead on her hands as low as she can.

For those interested in getting into the shooting sports, Blake suggests heading right to your local shooting club. Shooters are very helpful people and will offer advice and equipment to anyone interested. Blake suggests, “Pick the advice you listen to.” She points out that new shooters get a lot of advice, especially juniors and women. Everyone wants to tell you how to shoot, what to do and what to buy, but be critical of all this new advice because, although well intended—sometimes it’s just wrong.

Article Reporduced with permission from John Parker, Managing Editor Shooting Sports USA Article by Michelle Cerino – Tuesday, March 14, 2017 for the Shooting Sports USA website. Read the full article here: https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2017/3/14/whats-in-your-range-bag-cherie-blake/